All The New Huawei P40 Camera Technology Explained

All the brand new Huawei P40 camera expertise explained

The Huawei P series is at all times on the leading edge of telephone photography and the Huawei P40 camera is no alternative. Huawei's latest flagship series promises the acquainted improvements to image nice, along with improvements to AI processing and point and shoot software simplicity.There's a significant amount of imaging technology packed into this latest series. With that in mind, we're going to collapse everything that you just need to know about the Huawei P40 camera setup.


Huawei P40 camera setups compared


There are three entries in this year's series: the Huawei P40, P40 Pro, and P40 Plus. Each offers a little alternative camera capabilities, starting with three cameras in the Huawei P40 up to a penta-camera configuration in the Huawei P40 Pro Plus. While all three share a group of common features, there are a few noteworthy adjustments. Here's how each configuration stacks up in terms of raw camera specs (check out the total Huawei P40 series specs here):



















Huawei P40 Pro PlusHuawei P40 ProHuawei P40
Main camera50 megapixels (RYYB)
1/1. 28-inch sensor
f/1. 9 aperture
23mm focal length
OIS
50 megapixels
1/1.28-inch RYYB sensor
f/1. 9 aperture
23mm focal length
OIS
50 megapixels
1/1. 28-inch RYYB sensor
f/1. 9 aperture
23mm focal length
OIS
Secondary camera40 megapixels
wide-angle lens
f/1. 8 aperture
18mm focal length
40 megapixels
wide-angle lens
f/1. 8 aperture
18mm focal length
16 megapixels
wide-angle lens
f/2.2 aperture
17mm focal length
Third camera8 megapixels
10x periscope lens
f/4. 4 aperture
240mm focal length
OIS
12 megapixels (RYYB)
5x telephoto lens
f/3. 4 aperture
125mm focal length
OIS
8 megapixels
3x telephoto lens
f/2. 4 aperture
125mm focal length
OIS
Fourth camera8 megapixels (RYYB)
3x telephoto lens
f/2. 4 aperture
125mm focal length
OIS
Time of flight sensor?YesYesNo

Bigger, brighter image sensors


At the center of the Huawei P40 camera is a new 50-megapixel RYYB main sensor.For starters, it packs in additional megapixels than the old technology's 40MP sensor. The camera produces 12. 5MP pixel-binned images, compared with 10MP for the past couple of years. You'll must toggle the 50MP mode on in the camera app to view the high-res shots.Large sensors bring about higher dynamic range and cleaner images


The RYYB (instead of RGGB) sub-pixel layout sticks around after last year's major rework of Huawei's camera subsystem and algorithms. RYYB uses yellow pixels to capture 40% more light than classic RGGB sensors, resulting in better detail and improved low light functionality.This time around, Huawei is extending its RYYB expertise to a few of its telephoto zoom lenses besides. In theory, this might help reduce noise and get better detail, even when zooming in low light.But the genuine headline feature with the Huawei P40 is the larger 1/1. 28-inch sensor size. Bigger sensors trap more light, generating sharper images with superior dynamic range. For comparison, the P30 Pro and Samsung Galaxy S20 each offer a 1/1.7-inch sensor. Other flagships typically come with just 1/2. 55-inch sensors, including the Galaxy Note 10 Plus and iPhone 11 Pro Max. Bigger is definitely better here, especially in low light, as that you would be able to see from the sample image below.com/i/blog/1600665497/aHR0cHM6Ly9jZG41Ny5hbmRyb2lkYXV0aG9yaXR5Lm5ldC93cC1jb250ZW50L3VwbG9hZHMvMjAyMC8wMy9QaXhlbC00LUVYVFJFTUUtbG93LWxpZ2h0LmpwZw%3D%3D"> Huawei P40 excessive low light - ISO 1600, 0. 2s, OpenCamera app Google Pixel 4 excessive low light - ISO 1600, 0. 2s, OpenCamera app

Huawei's closest contention for sensor size is the Samsung Galaxy S20 Ultra at a a little bit smaller 1/1.33-inches across. However, that sensor is split into 108 megapixels for 0. 8µm individual pixel sizes, or 2. 4µm when binned. Samsung uses 9:1 pixel binning to supply 12MP images, while the P40 uses 4:1 binning for 12. 5MP outcomes.The Huawei P40 boasts ever so a little larger 2. 44µm binned pixel sizes, but it's a lovely close contest between the 2.Of course, sensor and pixel size are just one a part of the equation. Lens fine and image processing also play a tremendous part in the overall product.Why camera sensor size is so essential


To ensure that the Huawei P40 Pro Plus still takes decent photographs in among max and minimum zoom levels, the handset also points a 3x telephoto lens with a RYYB sensor. The handset switches among these sensors instantly as you zoom out and in.Capturing the ideal action shot is an art, and it really helps to have a super fast auto-focusing answer inside your camera. Fortunately, the Huawei P40 series' main sensor aspects "octa-phase" detection autofocus expertise.Every single pixel in the picture sensor comprises a phase-detection photodiode along with the sunshine-capturing photosite.This means that each of the 50 megapixels in the camera is used to help focus the camera. The culmination is way faster auto-focusing than ever before. You can see an instance of just how fast and correct the automobile-focusing is in the GIF below.Huawei's latest image processing pipeline includes the mobile industry's first Block-matching and 3D filtering (BM3D) noise reduction answer. This technique is customarily associated with DSLR cameras and it's a powerful denoise set of rules that can be run in close to real time.

BM3D is in keeping with the belief of sparsity and "wavelet transforms," where pixels groups are converted into the transform-domain and 3D data arrays. Sound complicated?In a nutshell, this technique allows the smoothing of similar colors for noise discount, while still preserving ins and outs and unique features present within each group.Here's a low light crop assessment among the P30 Pro and P40 Pro to show the benefit to detail capture:

Huawei P40 Pro 100% crop Huawei P30 Pro 100% crop

This isn't strictly a new characteristic for Huawei gadgets. The Kirin 990 and its BM3D noise reduction technology first gave the impression in the Huawei Mate 30 Pro.


XD Fusion Engine


Camera program is more critical than megapixels


The XD Fusion Engine uses the combined power of the Kirin 990's ISP and neural processing unit (NPU) to run its a number of image enhancement algorithms. The XD Fusion Engine takes assorted frames from diverse camera concurrently, using semantic evaluation to calculate body and fast masks, determine landmarks, heritage, and more. The engine then tailors its imaging algorithms to the scene to extract detail, acting denoise, as well as color and dynamic range enhancements.Editor's Pick

108MP sensor vs computational images: Which one wins?


Update 8th January: Xiaomi provided extra counsel on how bokeh catch works in the Mi Note 10. We've up-to-date the object to include these particulars.
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Huawei also uses its AI technology to increase images in genuine eventualities. For example, to get well skin textures, tone, and facial lighting for portrait shots, in addition to offering that alluring soft bokeh blur. The handset's multi-frame Super Resolution hybrid zoom expertise also is part of this engine, enabling advanced high-quality compared with standard electronic zooming.The Huawei P40 also boasts a multi-spectrum color temperature sensor powered by a new AI auto white stability set of rules as a part of its AI photography suite. In addition, the telephone's NPU powers Huawei's Best Moment feature, which suggests the best 3 out of 12 frames for live-action shots, eliminates pesky glass reflections, or even eliminates any disturbing photobombers from your photographs. Part of Huawei's mission this generation is to make images easier, and it seems that AI is the company's key element to achieve this.


With a mixture of bleeding-edge hardware and desktop studying functions under the hood, the Huawei P40 camera is as potent as ever. We'll be placing these camera setups via their paces towards the most effective shooters for sale very soon. For now, let us know your feelings on the Huawei P40 camera tech in the feedback.com/i/blog/1600665497/aHR0cHM6Ly9jZG41Ny5hbmRyb2lkYXV0aG9yaXR5Lm5ldC93cC1jb250ZW50L3RoZW1lcy9hYS9tb292ZS9kaXN0L2ltYWdlcy9zdmctcHJlbG9hZGVyLnN2Zw%3D%3D"> Loading poll

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Dated : 2020-10-17 06:50:52

Category : Features

Tags : Camera Huawei Huawei p40

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